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Título : Modeling and simulation of two-phase flow evaporators for parabolic-trough solar thermal power plants.
Autor : Bonilla Cruz, Javier
Yebra Muñoz, Luis José
Dormido Bencomo, Sebastián
Zarza Moya, Eduardo
Palabras clave : Centrales solares
Solar power plants
Fecha de publicación : 2013
Editorial : Editorial CIEMAT
Citación : Colección Documentos Ciemat;
Resumen : The main goal of this work was to contribute in modeling horizontal twophase flow boiling channels (evaporators) for parabolic-trough solar thermal power plants. The evaporator model is essential for the design of control schemes. Computational fluid dynamics were applied in order to model and discretize the evaporator. Finite volume and moving boundary models were explored in this work. However, some issues in the dynamic simulation of finite volume models, i.e. chattering, did not allow for taking full advantage of dynamic simulations. Furthermore, none of the current moving boundary models considered dynamic switching between all possible flow configurations in evaporators for parabolic-trough solar thermal power plants. The developed evaporator models were obtained from physical principles. The object-oriented equation-based modeling paradigm, which was considered for the design of the dynamic evaporator models, contributed to model maintenance, reusability and decoupling. The equation-based modeling paradigm increased reusability further, by not fixing the causality and thus making the models suitable for a wider range of experiments and simulations. In order to validate the evaporator models, experimental data from a direct steam generation parabolic-trough solar thermal power plant was used – the DIrect Solar Steam (DISS) facility owned by Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas MedioAmbientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)-Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA), a Spanish government research and testing center. This work makes contributions to the field of modeling and simulation of dynamical systems. A chattering study of finite volume homogeneous twophase flow dynamic models is presented. The general solutions employed to solve the chattering problem were analyzed, and particular approaches were implemented: Mean Densities and the Heuristic approaches, enabling discretized models to be simulated effectively. New mathematical moving boundary models were developed in order to support dynamic switching between all possible flow configurations for evaporators and condensers, and an equation-based object-oriented library was also implemented to test the integrity and stability of the moving boundary models. Approaches to solve chattering in finite volume models and new moving boundary models were validated against experimental data taken from the DISS facility. For this purpose, different DISS models were implemented, by considering finite volume and moving boundary models. Some unknown parameters were calibrated using a multi-objective genetic algorithm. Finally, these DISS models were compared against experimental data from the DISS facility in terms of accuracy and performance. In order to facilitate these tasks, simulation and calibration frameworks were defined. All the developed DISS models, composed of finite volume and moving boundary evaporator models, were exposed to a wide range of operating conditions and disturbances, proving that they can take full advantage of dynamic simulations and can be used for the design, testing and validation of advanced control systems.
URI : http://documenta.ciemat.es/handle/123456789/195
ISBN : 978-84-7834-705-6
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