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Título : A detector insert based on continuous scintillators for hybrid MR-PET imaging of the human brain
Autor : Rato Mendes, P.
Cuerdo, R.
Sarasola, I.
García de Acilu, P.
Navarrete, J.
Vela, O.
Oller, J.C.
Cela, J.M.
Núñez, L.
Pastrana, M.
Romero, L.
Willmott, C.
Palabras clave : Positron emission tomography (PET)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Multimodality imaging
Monolithic detector blocks
Neural network positioning
Fecha de publicación : 21-feb-2013
Editorial : Elsevier
Citación : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 702 (2013) 80–82
Resumen : We are developing a positron emission tomography (PET) insert for existing magnetic resonance (MR) equipment, aiming at hybrid MR–PET imaging. Our detector block design is based on trapezoid-shaped LYSO:Ce monolithic scintillators coupled to magnetically compatible Hamamatsu S8550-02 silicon avalanche photodiode (APD) matrices with a dedicated ASIC front-end readout from GammaMedica-Ideas (Fornebu, Norway). The detectors are position sensitive, capable of determining the incidence point of 511 keV gammas with an intrinsic spatial resolution on the order of 2 mm by means of supervised learning neural-network (NN) algorithms. These algorithms, apart from providing continuous coordinates, are also intrinsically corrected for depth of interaction effects and thus parallax-free. Recently we have implemented an advanced prototype featuring two heads with four detector blocks each and final front-end and readout electronics, improving the spatial resolution of reconstructed point source images down to 1.7 mm full width at half maximum (FWHM). Presently we are carrying out operational tests of components and systems under magnetic fields using a 3 T MR scanner. In this paper we present a description of our project, a summary of the results obtained with laboratory prototypes, and the strategy to build and install the complete system at the nuclear medicine department of a collaborating hospital.
URI : http://documenta.ciemat.es/handle/123456789/2147
ISSN : 0168-9002
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